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Balangoda Heritage which arose from Pahiyangala.


Pahiyangala, the largest cave in asia, is situated at Bulathsinhala in the Kalutara District. When we come to Ratnapura from Balangoda, we can go along the Panadura road. It is a one and half hour drive from Ratnapura through this road we can meet the Horana town them we can go to the Bulathsinhala town. Pahiyangala caves lies in Yatagampitiya, which is a remote village about 5 km away from Bulathsinhala (40Km along Piliyandala-Horana road), in the Kalutara District. The road is motorize up to the foot of the rock. It is a two hour drive from Colombo through the Piliyanda – Horana Road and covers a distance of about 40km.
Excavation has proved that these caves were inhabited by prehistoric cave men some 37,000 years ago. This cave is supposed to be the largest natural rock in Asia and this is also known to be the most ancient pre-historic human settlement in Asia. The cave lies 400 feet above sea level, At its entrance, the cave is 175 feet high and over 200 feet long. It is believed that 3000 people can be easily accommodated in this cave.
This place was shrine site from ancient time. At present also there are priests who do meditation. There is a saying “That the famous Chinese traveler monk, Fa-Hein who came to this country in the 4th century A.D. in search of Buddhist scriptures. He is said to have stayed in this cave whilst on his way to Sri Pada” (Adam’s Peak). Time passed this place has become as “Pahiyangala”.Further it is situated in a boundary which combines Sabaragamuwa, western and southern provinces in Sri Lanka. There is a saying the stone was in the boundary became” Maingala”. Time passed it is became as “Pahiyangala”
However Archeologists have proved that this place is a very important place which buried much important Archeological evidence. There is a deep pit dug out by the Archaeological Department for an excavation. In is in this pit that archeologists found five human skulls which were identified as 37,000 years old by carbon dating in USA. Some weapons made of stone and animal bones were also recovered during the excavation. It has been found out that these were used to kill monkey, deer, porcupine and others. They have also consumed habits, a species of edible snail and wild breadfruit. 
Historically the basic evidence about Homosapian balangodancis were found from a place called “Bellabadipelessa” which is 75 K.M away from Balangoda town. This place is conserved as an important archeological site. Now the pahiyangala also have many historically evidences about ancient human beings in Sri lanka.
This proves Balangoda and Pahiyangala is an important areas which revealed many important evidence about world human history.

Hortan Thenna



Hortan thenna is one of the interesting places which is situated in Sri Lanka.It is in the district of ‘Nuwara Eliya’ of Central province. Any visitors can reach this place along a crooket road from the Ohiya railway station .Besides this road many finas trees have been grown by the people . This area in covered with the mist. With in half one hour any one can reach Horton Thenna. The lord of the forest is level and taller tress can be seen.
There are two beautiful waterfalls named by Chimini Ella and Backors Ella. With the golden colour of the fally water and the sweet should of the Backors waterfall is bright the area ,Chimini Ella is close to have.The most beautiful and interesting places in Horton Thenna is the Worlds End ‘small and big World End’. The World End spreads toward southern.This southern Horton thenna is high about 350 and spreads to Balangoda area.

Scene is very terrific .Any way the slop at this places is very interesting.There are tress and bushes covered the land. Not only that can be seen endemic plants and fertile soil .There fore the plants .So many tourists come here to watch its beauty

Dahamana Maha Vidyalaya: How It All Began……


At a time when the village lacked a school to serve the needs of the children, the village leaders led by Rev.
Panane Wimalawansa thero, gave leadership to a move to accomplish this task.

Overcoming many difficulties the initiative was taken to build a school in Dahamana a few miles from
Balangoda town on a plot of land donated by W.A. Punchi Mahathmaya.

When the school officially commenced on February 24, 1949 it only had a cadjan hut, but today a good
mix of old and modern buildings blend together to add glamour and splendour to the School.

In its 57th year of function the school now serves not only the children of Dahamana but also those
from neighbouring villages.


Giant animals like elephants can be regarded as an asset to a country. But there is a limited number of elephants in our forest reserves today. Wild elephants are faced with the dangerous threat of extinction. This situation has been arisen due to several reasons.
During the past few decades a large forest cover was cleared for development purposes, farming and human settlement. Under this situation elephants lost their natural habitat. As a result of this elephants resorted to raiding plantations for food, sometimes causing human deaths. According to the statistics of the Wild Life conservation department, nearly 75 – 100 elephants are killed in our country every year. Also nearly 25 – 35 people are killed by elephants every year. This is a very sad state of affairs.
The government should find ways and means to solve this man – elephant conflict. Particularly, during the drought season elephants rampage in village in search of water. Sometimes they damage house too. When the cultivations and houses are damaged by wild elephants, farmers compel to kill elephants. Some people kill elephants for their valuable tusks. Even their hair and skin are used to produce various items.
The wild life department alone cannot rescue elephants from danger. All the voluntary organizations should extend their co – operation towards the department to make their effort a success. Although the government has passed laws to stop hunters from killing wild elephants, they do not seen to have been effective.
When we go through the newspapers, we can see reports on killing of wild elephants in somewhere in Sri Lanka almost everyday. It is a heart rending scene to see the pictures of dead elephants published in them.
What can we do to stop this destruction? The government should take steps to prevent people from encroaching into areas where elephants live in large numbers. These areas have to be protected and stern should be taken against those who hunt elephants. As citizens of Sri Lanka we too should assist the government in this connection. Re – a forestation schemes should be introduced to ensure that they have enough foot and water. More elephant orphanages should be set up in such reserves to enable the elephants to live in security. Another way to preserve elephants in the country is to create more public awareness of their fate through the print and Electronic media.
Most of the tourists, both local and foreign are attracted by our sanctuaries where there are herds of wild elephants. It is the bounden duty of everyone to protect these animals.
Statistics of the Department of wild life reveal that the total number of wild elephants in Sri Lanka today is between 3 000 and 3 500. Statistics also reveal that the elephant extinct rate per week is three together with one human demise. Let’s protect our wild elephants.


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